Appendix 1 - Exercises

Exercise: Adjectives

Get to know basic adjectives to describe people. Why?

  • You will notice that these adjectives are everywhere.
  • It is easy to memorize pair of words, such as antonyms.
  • Your descriptions become richer with more adjectives.


Exercise: Building-Blocs

Say how you are, what you are doing, how you feel, etc. Why?

  • You can learn present, past, and future, all at once.
  • It is possible to communicate without knowing grammar rules.
  • You will notice this sentence structure everywhere.


Exercise: Family

Talk about your family and people will know better who you are. Why?

  • Talking about your family makes people know better who you are.
  • Learn relevant vocabulary: family members, professions, etc.
  • Ready-made sentences will get you started to describe people.


Exercise: Greetings

Learn several formal/informal expressions to greet and introduce yourself. Why?

  • There are many variations of greetings. Get to know most of them!
  • Begin to personalize your new language: focus on what pleases your ears.
  • Learn day-to-day expressions and you will not sound formal to a speaker.


Exercise: House


  • Learn relevant vocabulary: rooms, places, positions, etc.
  • This is your first step to learn how to ask for directions.
  • Get comfortable with using ‘there is/are’ constructions.


Exercise: How often?

Learn how to add a frequency component to your actions. Why?

  • Fours little words that you will be using all the time.
  • Mention what you always, never, sometimes, or usually do.
  • Habits make your routine, which is part of who you are.


Exercise: Numbers

Count from 1 to 100, almost without thinking. Why?

  • Many sentences in ‘Yourself’ require knowing numbers.
  • Count as fast and as automatically as you do in your native language.
  • Numbers are always the same. It is just about memorizing the words.


Exercise: Shortcuts

Learn suffixes and increase your vocabulary with cognates. Why?

  • Study/Studying = Estudar/Estudando: ‘ando’ is the Portuguese ‘ing’.
  • Learn how to conjugate verbs without ever seeing a table of conjugations.
  • Long words are usually very similar (cognates) in most languages.


Exercise: Where?

Know how to add a place into your actions and descriptions. Why?

  • Begin with just a few, very useful and common expressions.
  • It is easier to memorize opposed pairs, such as here/there.
  • Learn expressions. Preposition rules are endless and complicated.


Exercise: With whom?

Know how to add other people into your actions and descriptions. Why?

  • Begin with just a few ready-made, very common expressions.
  • Learn flexible variations, such as ‘with my (sister, …)’.
  • The word ‘com’ is used very similarly as the word ‘with’.


Exercise: Yourself

Learn several sentences to describe who you are. Why?

  • Talking about yourself is the most relevant content to know.
  • It covers a lot of vocabulary, sentence structures, and even grammar.
  • You’ll be able to speak for ~1min in your target language by yourself.